1st In-put dated November 14, 2013
1. Printed Materials. It is considered as the foundation of classroom instruction. It includes textbooks, reference books, booklets, hand-outs, manuals, worktexts/worksheets, etc.
- Reading Level
- Prior knowledge
- One-way presentation
- common application of printed materials is presenting information
- augment teacher information as presented in class
- used in all subject-areas and in all ages
- made sure that students are actively invlved with the usage of the material.
- technique common to use is the SQ3R which means Survey, Question and and the 3R (read, recite and review). Survey, require students to skim/broqse the printed material and go over the overview and summary. Question, reuiring student to make a list of questions while reading. Read, look for the organization of the material, put brackets around main ideas, underline supporting ideas and answer questions. Recite, allow test reading ability and put context into students own words. Review, require students to look over the material immediately after use, a week later and so on for retention of information.
2. Display Surfaces. This is where printed materials such as photographs, drawings, charts, graphs and posters are usually placed for display. This visuals can be displayed in the classroom in the various ways which includes the chalkboards, whiteboards, electronic boards, bulletin boards, cloth boards, magnetic boards and flip charts.
2.1. Chalkboards. Before, chalkboards are called interchangeably as blackboards or greenboards. Now, it refers to a display surface inside the classroom where chalk is used as main tool.
Tips on using the chalkboards:
- write clearly and legibly. Always consider children on the last row.
- bring hard copy of your diagrams or outline to visualized how it should appear on the chalkboard.
- avoid crowding notes on teh board.
- make use of colored chalks to highlight kay points.
- avoid turning your back. Write side view and keep eye contact with the class.
- start writing from the left to right in order to keep writing on the board orderly and clean.
- lines on the chalkboard is needed if teaching in the elementary.
- use curtain if there is glare on the chalkboard.\concave chalkboard can lessen the effects of glare.
- write "please save" if board work will still be used the next day.
- make full use of the chalkboard. its instructional importance should not be underestimated despite new technologies.
Practical tips/techniques suggested by Brown (1969):
- Sharpen the chalk to get good line quality.
- Stand your elbow high. Move along as you write.
- Use dots as "aiming points". This keeps writing level straight.
- Make all writing between 2 and 4 inches high to ensure its readable.
- When using colored chalk, use soft chalk so that it can be erased easily.